Cómo ser un buen tutor
One of the most important parts of learning to speak and understand a language is by practising speaking and listening. However, this can be stressful and frustrating for students, especially in the beginning of their learning process. Speaking a new language is difficult and students may feel embarrassed when making mistakes, especially in front of a tutor they have never met before.
Each Live Lesson is broken up into a number of small exercises at the student’s level, tied to what they’ve been learning in their self-study time. Exercises are designed to be short and manageable, with the help of the tutor's guidance, to reduce stress and promote conversation.
You are a student’s guide through the lesson, and we would like you to take the lead. Our experience has shown that students value when the tutor takes initiative, asks questions related to each exercise, and provides different scenarios or examples for variation. Lower level students and students with less confidence will expect you to lead them trough the exercises, tell them what to do and when to move to the next exercise.
For example, when you move to a new exercise, ask the student to read out their instructions. If they look confused, explain what the exercise is about and who should start the exercise. If you’ve been working on a single exercise for a while, or if the student doesn’t seem engaged with the current exercise, suggest moving onto the next exercise.
Vista previa de las Live Lessons
Lesson Previews are generally available from your dashboard 24 hours before a scheduled lesson. They allow you to review each exercise and familiarize yourself with the layout and the instructions ahead of time.
Previewing lessons will help you to lead a lesson, especially in the beginning. Para dirigir una clase debes comprender primero cómo funcionan los ejercicios y cómo debe fluir la conversación. Durante la vista previa, te proporcionamos ejemplos de preguntas para la mayoría de los ejercicios para que así puedas empezar. Del mismo modo, te animamos a que seas tú quién improvise las preguntas y los escenarios adicionales relacionados para que puedas practicarlos con el/la estudiante. Esto ayuda a que, aunque el/la estudiante ya haya hecho el ejercicio, parezcan diferentes cada vez. It also help to individualise the exercise to make the learning material more relevant to each student. For example, if a planned exercise focuses on conflict in the workplace, but you know your student is retired, you could adapt the questions and ask them about their work in their local community garden committee instead.
Tipos de ejercicios esperados
We have three main exercise categories in our curriculum: Warm-ups, Drills, and Situations. Cada Live Lesson se compone de unos 10 ejercicios (alrededor de 3 de cada categoría) que se complementan entre sí.
- Warm-ups are short exercises that are designed to get the student warmed up and ready to speak. Normalmente repasan el material previamente aprendido y no requieren demasiada improvisación. Los ejemplos incluyen lecturas cortas, ejercicios de escucha y repetición o diálogos.
- Los ejercicios para practicar constan de estructuras que queremos que trabajes. Estos ejercicios están diseñados para enseñar conceptos y reglas (como conjugar verbos o usar el tiempo pasado) y para practicar escenarios comunes (como pedir indicaciones o pedir en un restaurante).
- Las situaciones están pensadas para que el estudiante hable libremente e improvise conversaciones. Aquí se pueden introducir temas abiertos, preguntas y juegos.
Make sure you read the instructions well and you give the student enough time to read theirs out loud.
Sé simpático y alentador
It’s important that you are friendly and encouraging at all times. Even if your students are getting things wrong, help them feel good about their effort and remind them that they’re improving. When they get things right, be sure to say so clearly.
Your goal is to teach students how to communicate. So you don’t need to focus too much on error correction, but on their fluency and confidence in speaking and listening. Remember, each student is different and therefore may require a different approach to error correction. Some students love corrections, and will be happy to see lots of notes in the chat box. Other students may feel discouraged if they are hearing lots of corrections, and may get the impression that nothing they say is correct! Use your intuition and adjust your style accordingly.
Observe Student Reactions
Our exercises sometimes have a high number of repetitions/variations. Esto no significa que debas completar todas las repeticiones antes de pasar al siguiente ejercicio. No es necesario hacerlas todas. Si crees que el/la estudiante está aburrido/a o que ya no le suponen nigún desafío, puedes sugerir avanzar a la siguiente actividad. No te preocupes, nuestros/as alumnos pueden repetir los ejercicios 2 o 3 veces, por lo que tendrán la oportunidad de realizar las otras repeticiones en las siguientes Live Lessons.
Si parece que el/la estudiante está frustrado/a o está teniendo dificultades, baja el ritmo y trata de describir las cosas un modo más sencillo o, simplemente, sigue adelante. Don’t just let them continue to struggle.
Hablar en un idioma extranjero puede ser muy intimidante y algunos estudiantes pueden ser muy tímidos. Hacer las preguntas correctas te ayudará a fomentar la conversación. No tengas miedo de hacer muchas preguntas siempre y cuando no sean demasiado personales. Evita preguntas de "sí/no" y en su lugar utiliza preguntas con las partículas "cómo" y "por qué".
Recuerda que el/la estudiante está aquí para aprender a hablar así que, por favor, trata de darle suficiente tiempo para que se exprese y evita hablar mucho sobre ti mismo. Ten paciencia, a veces necesitarán un poco más de tiempo para formular las oraciones.
Be Tactful and Supportive
Throughout a lesson, the student will be attempting to pull vocabulary from memory and use new grammatical constructions. This can be very hard so try not to interrupt mid-sentence to correct them. Instead, take some notes while they are speaking and give them a little feedback when they finish speaking or at the end of the exercise.
Remember to always be very encouraging when pointing out errors. Students may feel very unmotivated and overwhelmed if you correct too many things and just focus on errors. Try to balance corrections with positive feedback. Be enthusiastic and encouraging when they do something right. Make them feel good about how much they are learning.
Speak slowly, and (as much as possible) in the Target Language
The purpose of the Live Lessons is to help the student practise listening to and producing the language you’re teaching. It can sometimes be easier to switch to a student’s native language to explain something, but whenever possible, try to stay in the target language. Try explaining in simpler language, use gestures, or write a few words (in the target language) in the chat box. Providing a translation or explaining something complicated is fine, just make sure you don’t drift away and have a conversation in the student’s native language.
Don’t forget to speak slowly. When you say a sentence, there are dozens of things the student may be trying to recall in order to comprehend the sentence and it can take a bit of time. When a student looks lost or confused, try saying the same thing slower. If that happens, try speaking at that slower rate for the rest of the lesson. It’s a good rule to start out speaking more slowly than you think is necessary, even for more advanced students.
Write Things Down
If the student can’t understand something or asks you to repeat it, write it in the chat window. This allows them to read it, which is often helpful, and it also serves as notes that the student can review later. Anything you think they should be reviewing after the lesson, write it in the chat window. The chat window also allows the student to translate the word/phrase on their side, so you don’t have to break into the student’s native language.
Not sure how to explain something?
If your student asks you a tricky question that you're not sure how to answer, don't worry! We don't expect you to be grammar experts. You can let the student know that you will find out the answer and leave a comment for them on the Community Forum after the lesson. You can do this by commenting below your tutor introduction post or let them know that you will write a new post in one of the following categories:
- English Learners category
- French Learners category
- German Learners category
- Spanish Learners category
- Language Love category
- Random category
It's possible that there's a post on the Forum that answers your student's questions already! In this case, you can leave and reply tag their @username and they will get a notification about your comment.
Don’t forget to smile and have fun. Show the student true interest in what they are telling you. And finally, we don’t expect our tutors to be perfect! So relax! The more you teach, the better you will get.
- You can find more details on the tutor setup requirements here.
- Do the Chatterbug Audio & Video Check.
- Stick the Small Talk Cheat Sheet on the wall near your computer screen.
- Keep in mind the tutor responsibilities during Live Lessons.
- You can always contact the Tutor Community Team via the yellow chat symbol on your Dashboard.
- If you have questions or feedback about a specific Live Lesson exercise, please let us know via the “take a note” feature. More information here:What if something is wrong with an exercise?